How to evaluate a wine whether it is a special or ordinary wine? To the individual on the street it does not mean a matter, if the wine tastes good then it would be the special wine.
But, the tasteful wine experts evaluate wine by their make, quality and vintage. The experts look in to the three basic elements like appearance, aroma and taste. These basic gives some basic knowledge about the evaluation of wine.
Color and quality are the important factors that help to evaluate the different types of wine. Fine wines have certain properties that help the experts to evaluate the wine. On basis of color, the hue displayed by different types of wine is noted down by the experts.
The color depends on the variety of grapes and ripeness during harvest. Fermentation process also affects the color. The amount of oxygen that comes into contact during bottling also affects the wine color.
Young white wines appear in pale straw yellow to a rich amber color. White wines have golden hue color. White wines darken in color as they age. If browning appears in young whites, it means that they have been oxidized ahead of time which results in a poor quality. Red wines usually appear in the range of deep ruby red to a paler cherry color. More bright colored hue appears around the edges of the older red wines. As per red wines it should happen.
The experts hold a half-full glass of wine against a white background for evaluation. They observe the clarity and color of the wine. The color should appear brilliant and rich than cloudy for finest wine, with appropriate color for its age and type.
In finer quality wine evaluation smell plays a big factor. The wine smell usually attracts the drinker first before the taste. Wine smell helps the expert to judge the wine in a better way than their taste. To let the unstable essences to escape, the experts swirl the wine in a glass and evaluate it.
Since the wine smell takes the smell of the fruits, spices, herbs and other substances, it helps a lot to test the quality of wine. That`s why the characteristic pleasant smell of a wine is usually associated with the smell of fruit, herb, spices, etc, in order to provide identifiable comparisons.
The properties that are not provided by the appearance and smell are evaluated with the help of the taste. Qualities that make up the overall personality of the wine such as acidity, tartness, sweetness etc, are evaluated through taste.
The balance that each wine imparts is the key factor that experts look for when it comes to taste. The experts check this by taking a sip of the wine and moving it back and forth inside the mouth before swallowing, giving the first idea of the wine taste.