Sparkling wine is a delicious, invigorating wine that also be called as champagne, bubbly and shimmer wine. Sparkling wine contains large amount of carbon dioxide. This carbonated beverage is made in all parts of the world. The carbon dioxide makes the wine to fizz, bubble and to be effervescent.
The grape varieties that are used in making sparkling wines are Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Pinot Meunier, Chenin Blanc, Mauzac Blanc, Xarello, Parellada, Maccabéo, Riesling or Muscat. Sparkling wines are produced mainly from the red grapes. The red wine grapes are pressed immediately after harvesting to get the white juice hence they are called as "White from Black". At the same time some sparkling wines can be produced from white wine grapes to get more delicate sparkling wines. These are called as "White from White".
There are different types of sparkling wines produced all over the world. Sparkling wines are made from different wine making grapes with different production processes. But the characteristic of all the sparkling wines are common.
Carbon dioxide that forms the bubbles in the sparkling wines is formed in the fermentation process itself. To make a sparkling wine there are more than one fermentation process. The wine makers all over the world will use their preferred production method.
Champagne is the king of sparkling wine. It is a proper name given to sparkling wines produce in the Champagne region of France. Prosecco is the name of the sparkling wine that is prepared in Italy. Italy is well for making the sparkling wines and is generally served with the desserts.
Sparkling wines have a delicate flavor and effervescence so in order to get the full characteristic of the wines they should be served chilled. So the sparkling wine should be served in the refrigerator for 3 to 4 hours before serving.
Generally sparkling wines are suitable for parties and functions. So it can be well paired with meat, fruit, cheese and sea food. For example meat like chicken, pork tenderloin, flank steak, and turkey and fruits like strawberry, raspberry, blueberry, and blackberry, and cheese like brie, provolone, goat cheese, and cream cheese and sea food like scallops, halibut, lobster, and shrimps serve as good paring with the sparkling wines.
Fully sparkling wines are sold between the 5 to 6 atmosphere pressures in the bottle. This pressure is three times more than the pressure found in the automobile tire. Sparkling wines are those that have the atmospheric pressure between 1 to 2.5. The amount of the atmospheric pressure in the bottle is determined by the amount of sugar added to the wine during the triage stage which comes at the beginning of the secondary fermentation.